Although they are typically linked to the Westphalian system and the balance of European power, alliances have taken shape on other continents and in other eras. In his classic book Artha-shastra („The Science of Material Gain“), Kautilya, advisor to the King of India Chandragupta (governed around 321-297 BC) argued that countries should seek the support and support of distant states against the threat of neighbouring states (the logic that the enemy must be the enemy). The legacy of colonialism in Africa has delayed the development of collective defence systems, but elsewhere in developing countries alliances have played a key role in the evolution of regional balance. For example, during the Paraguayan War of 1865/70, the tripartite alliance of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay ravaged Paraguay and reduced its territorial possessions and population by about 60 percent. Until the Cold War in the latter half of the 20th century, ideology was generally not a significant factor in the formation of such coalitions. Thus, in 1536 Francis I, the Roman Catholic king of France, the Ottoman Sultan S.A. I, who was a Muslim, joined the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, another Catholic, because France was almost surrounded by Charles`s property. Similarly, Britain and the United States allied with the communist Soviet Union during World War II (1939-1945) to defeat Nazi Germany. The alliance between America and the rebels has been strained by the Usm`s refusal to directly attack the Assad regime.
However, a strategic alliance can carry its own risks. While the agreement is generally clear to both companies, there may be differences in the way companies conduct transactions. Differences can create conflict. In addition, if the alliance requires parties to exchange proprietary information, there must be trust between the two allies. Cold War alliances have become publicly recognized peace coalitions. In this respect, they differed from most previous alliances, such as the non-aggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union (1939), which was concluded less than 10 days before Germany`s invasion of Poland and began World War II. Modern alliances generally require a collective effort, much more integrated than it once was. In World War II coalitions, for example, combined military and economic planning agencies were a common and striking feature.
Even in less narrow alliances such as NATO, close and cooperative action, both military and political, has been given great importance, particularly to maintain the West`s nuclear deterrence strategy and to manage conflicts in regions on the periphery of Europe, such as the Balkans. 59 There is a finding and a finding that (1) this type of contract is probably less expensive than any other species; or (2) it is not practical to obtain supplies or services of a species or of a necessary quality without the use of this type of contract.